Rutile is the most common and the most stable form of titanium dioxide (TiO2). Titanium dioxide is one of two core product streams of the mineral sands industry, which is predominantly used as a pigment feedstock in paint manufacture. Rutile has the highest refractive indices at visible wavelength along with the highest dispersion.

The majority of demand for rutile comes from the production of paints and varnishes and also from paper and plastics. Together, these industries account for about approximately 80% of rutile consumption worldwide. Other popular uses of rutile pigment are found in fibres, cosmetic products, printing inks and foodstuffs.